Professor Charles Garraway


Formerly Senior Legal Military Advisor
Fellow, Human Rights Centre, University of Essex

Charles Garraway served for thirty years as a legal officer in the British Army Legal Services, initially as a criminal prosecutor but latterly as an adviser in the Law of Armed Conflict and Operational Law. He represented the Ministry of Defence at numerous international conferences and was part of the UK delegations to the First Review Conference for the 1981 Conventional Weapons Convention, the negotiations on the establishment of an International Criminal Court and the Diplomatic Conference that led to the 1999 Second Protocol to the 1954 Hague Convention on Cultural Property. He was also the senior army lawyer deployed to the Gulf during the 1990–1 Gulf conflict. Whilst still serving, he taught international humanitarian law at King’s College London as well as acting as Course Director on the military courses run by the International Institute of Humanitarian Law, San Remo. On retirement, he spent three months in Baghdad working for the Foreign Office on transitional justice issues and six months as a senior research fellow at the British Institute of International and Comparative Law before taking up the Stockton Chair in International Law at the United States Naval War College, Newport, Rhode Island in August 2004 for the year 2004/5. He was a visiting professor at King’s College London from 2002 to 2008, teaching the law of armed conflict, and an associate fellow at Chatham House from 2005 to 2012. He is currently a fellow at the Human Rights Centre, University of Essex and was awarded an honorary doctorate by the university in 2012. In December 2006, he was elected to the International Humanitarian Fact-Finding Commission under Article 90 of Additional Protocol I to the Geneva Conventions of 1949, of which he is now a Vice-President. He worked for the British Red Cross from 2007 to 2011 and now works as an independent consultant. He was appointed CBE in 2002. He has worked on a number of expert groups including the ICRC projects on ‘direct participation in hostilities’ and ‘occupation’ as well as the Harvard program on humanitarian policy and conflict research project on air and missile warfare. He is currently General Editor of the United Kingdom Manual on the Law of Armed Conflict and carries out a number of consultancies for government and international organisations, including the Commonwealth Secretariat. In 2011, he chaired the Commonwealth Working Group that updated the Commonwealth Model Law on the International Criminal Court. He is a former member of the UN Human Rights Council’s Group of Eminent Experts  on Yemen. He worked for the British Red Cross from 2007 to 2011 and now works as an independent consultant. He was appointed a Commander of the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire (CBE) in 2002 and received an Honorary Doctorate from the University of Essex in 2012.